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Know Your... Leather Types, Treatments, Care

Searching for a luxury look that only gets better with age?

Real leather furniture offers instant heirloom appeal, superior resiliency and, as a natural material, will mature over time to develop a gorgeous patina that reflects its unique character and soft, lived-in texture.

We are always on the hunt for superior quality leather goods and would like to share this leather guide to help you find the perfect leather pieces to fit your lifestyle.


Full-Grain Leather


As natural as it gets; thick, durable full-grain leather is made from the top portion of the hide and retains all original markings and texture for an authentic, one-of-a-kind look.

Top-Grain Leather


Also sourced from the top portion of the hide, top-grain leather is thick and durable but is enhanced with a surface treatment to lightly smooth the natural texture and prepare the hide for better dye absorption.

These leathers are also often treated to an embossing process to give the hide a more consistent texture, commonly referred to as corrected-grain leather.

Split-Grain Leather


Sourced from the underside of the hide, split-grain leather is often treated and embossed to match the color and look of top-grain leather.

This leather grade is often utilized to upholster the lesser-used areas of a furniture piece, such as the outer arms or back panels, as a cost-effective way to give a consistent allover look.


Full Aniline Treatments

These treatments use a clear vegetable dye that embraces the natural color and character of the original leather. They are most commonly used on premium quality leathers to allow the unique scars, color variations and graining in the hide to shine. The leather enhances with age, developing a lived-in patina and coloring completely unique to that piece.

Top-Grain Leather

Semi-Aniline Treatments

These treatments contain a light protective coating and a small amount of pigment for more consistent coloration throughout the hide. This allows for a wider color selection. Imperfections and character are still visible and a lighter patina will develop over time, giving your piece one-of-a-kind character with greater peace of mind against everyday wear.

Top-Grain Leather


Full-Grain Leather


Split-grain leather that has been buffed to reveal a supremely soft surface feel.

Top-Grain Leather


Top-grain leather that has been buffed to remove the surface layer to create a velvety-soft feel

Split-Grain Leather


A pattern that can be applied to leather by submitting it to extreme pressure under a embossing press. This is used to imitate a consistent texture or to apply a distinct design such as an alligator or stingray-inspired pattern.

Split-Grain Leather

Hair on Hide

Leather hides with hair still attached. They are often treated to enhance the natural hair or simulate a wide range of colors.


Premium quality leather goods require regular cleaning and maintenance in order to extend their lifespan and preserve the natural beauty and texture. These are some recommended best practices for keeping your leather furniture healthy and clean:

Aging leather furniture shows character.

Understand Aging

As a natural product, full, top-grain and split-grain leathers will reflect your everyday use, and small scratches, scuffs and scarring will darken into a luxurious patina with rich character that builds slowly with age.

Over the years this furniture piece will look very different than when it was first purchased – and that is a beautiful thing!

Avoid putting leather furniture in direct sunlight.

Dust-Free & Darkness

Constant exposure to dust and direct sunlight can dry out your leather, causing it to lose its soft texture, fade in color and eventually crack.

Avoid positioning your furniture in direct light if possible, and if not, be sure to throw a blanket or cover over the piece when not in use to help protect it.

Dust periodically with a dry cloth to keep dust particles from being absorbed into the surface.

Avoid using harsh materials or chemicals on your leather furniture.

Conservative Cleanings

If an accident happens on your leather furniture, keep calm and be patient. Avoid using abrasive techniques, materials or chemicals and understand that the stain will eventually be absorbed into the hide, adding to the lived-in look and patina of the piece.

Contain the stain as quickly as possible and blot up any excess liquid or material with a damp cloth A simple solution of water and dish soap works best for spot cleanings

If using a leather conditioner, we recommend seeking the advice of a professional or to test a small section with your conditioner of choice prior to allover application.

Leather Test